Policies and Tools for Dealing with Nonstate Actors
Challenges from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are different in nature from the conventional threats that NATO is used to dealing with through deterrence and defense. Terrorists do not abide by the traditional deterrence rationale, while massive illegal migration is more of a destabilizing factor than a threat for European societies. [...] As the MENA region experiences the empowerment of nonstate actors and the emergence of states that have adopted hybrid tactics, NATO has to rethink its state-centric approach. The alliance should focus on six priorities.
Detailsin Tomáš Valášek (ed.), New Perspectives on Shared Security: NATO’s Next 70 Years, Brussels, Carnegie Europe, 2019, p. 69-73