Information technology (IT) has had, and will continue to have, a deep impact on the defence sector. The most advanced countries, not only the U.S. but also France, Great Britain and Italy, over the past few years have undergone a transormation of their armed forces aimed at exploiting the strategic advantages of IT.
The goal pursued in Europe, and also promoted by NATO, is Network Enabled Capability (NEC). That is combining equipment and soldiers, as well as different doctrinal, procedural, technical and organizational elements, into a single network to obtain their interaction in order to achieve substantial strategic superiority. In practice, this also occurs with a strong, efficient and secure telecommunications network, and through netcentric modernization of armed forces' capability and systems aimed at connecting them to the net.
This research paper analyzes the military netcentric modernization and transformation programs - still in progress - in France, Britain and Italy, with special focus ton the joint program led by the Italian army called "Forza NEC". Opportunities and challenges of "Forza NEC" have been considered according to the Italian armed force's requirements, developed during two decades of experience in international military operations, as well as in the light of the evolution of strategic doctrine at a European and transatlantic level. Particular attention has been devoted to the interaction between industry and the armed forces, and to the involvement of many Italian companies in different "Forza NEC" activities, as it represents one of the pillars of the procurement program.
Produced within the framework of the project "Forza NEC programme and Europe". Proceedings of the conference presenting the volume (Rome, 21 November 2011) published in Documenti IAI 1201. English version: IAI Reseach Paper 5.
Prefazione, di Giuseppe Valotto
Lista delle abbreviazioni
1. Le nuove esigenze e la Network Centric Warfare (NCW)
1.1. La corsa alla digitalizzazione e la Network Centric Warfare (NCW)
1.2. La NATO Network Enabled Capability (NNEC)
1.3. I capisaldi di una forza netcentrica
1.4. L'approccio a spirale e i cambiamenti nel defence procurement
1.5. I limiti della trasformazione netcentrica: l'esempio americano
2. Il caso italiano
2.1. La riflessione delle Forze Armate Italiane
2.2. L'esperienza italiana nelle missioni internazionali
2.3. La digitalizzazione delle Forze Armate Italiane
2.4. Il programma Forza NEC
2.5. La controparte industriale
3. Il caso francese, di Philippe Gros
3.1. Il concetto francese di netcentricità
3.2. I programmi a livello interforze
3.3. La digitalizzazione dell’Esercito francese
3.4. L'Aeronautica militare francese
3.5. La netcentricità nella Marina militare francese
3.6. La convergenza interforze sul SIA
4. Il caso britannico, di Nick Brown
4.1. Il dibattito sulla digitalizzazione
4.2. British Army
4.3. Royal Navy
4.4. Royal Air Force
4.5. Le capacità interforze
4.6. La cooperazione industriale
Bibliografia e sitografia