Italy and Security in the Mediterranean
The Mediterranean is a highly interconnected geopolitical space in which instability, conflict and insecurity have increased dramatically in the last few years. Today, Mediterranean security is even more central to the national interests of Italy, and therefore requires a continuous, systematic and in-depth reflection by the country’s government and public opinion. The book aims to contribute to this reflection by addressing the issue with a comprehensive and pragmatic approach. The first chapter analyses the “arc of crisis” in the Arab world, linking current instability and conflicts to the socio-economic, religious, political and geopolitical dynamics. The second chapter focuses on the Mediterranean Sea – from the Italian perspective – in terms of commercial exchanges between riparian states, maritime traffic, and the maritime economy. The third chapter focuses on the energy-producing North African countries, the Mediterranean offshore fields and European energy policies in this region (with a view not only to energy security). The fourth chapter analyses the positions of NATO and its major member states with respect to Mediterranean security, with a specific focus on the Alliance’s maritime strategy. The fifth chapter discusses the recent EU Maritime Security Strategy vs the Mediterranean. Finally, the sixth chapter looks at the “Euro-Mediterranean region” from the Italian perspective, a region that is the priority area for use of the military, including its naval component, as evidenced by the series of naval operations conducted in recent years to respond to the migration crisis.
Volume produced within the framework of the research project "The security in the Mediterranean and Italy".
Italian version: Quaderni IAI 15.
Introduction: What Security, What Mediterranean?, by Alessandro Marrone and Michele Nones, p. 7-8
List of Acronyms, p. 9-10
1. The Trajectory of the Crises in the Mediterranean, by Silvia Colombo, p. 11-23
1.1 From Popular Uprisings to the Islamic State
1.2 New Actors, Old Crises
1.3 A New Regional Order?
2. Italy in the Mediterranean: Commercial Challenges, Changing Infrastructure and New Maritime Traffic, by Alessandro R. Ungaro, p. 25-45
2.1 Italy’s Commercial Performance in the Mediterranean and the Role of Southern Italy
2.2 Maritime Traffic, Ports and Logistics: Italy’s Structural Vulnerabilities and New Regional Competitors
2.3 The Expansion of the Suez Canal and Maritime Traffic in the Mediterranean
3. The Mediterranean and Energy Security, by Nicolò Sartori, p. 47-66
3.1 The Mediterranean and Global Energy Traffic
3.2 Regional Energy Dynamics and the Role of the Mediterranean
3.3 North Africa, at the Heart of Regional Energy Production
3.4 Europe’s Cards in the Mediterranean Energy Game
3.5 Opportunities and Challenges for Energy Cooperation in the Mediterranean
4. The West and Security in the Mediterranean, by Alessandro Marrone, p. 67-91
4.1 The United States and MENA During and After the Obama Administration
4.2 The NATO Countries and the Mediterranean: Old Problems and New Dynamics
4.3 Alliance Maritime Strategy
5. The European Union’s Maritime Security Strategy: Cogito Ergo Sum?, by Lorenzo Vai, p. 93-108
5.1 The Purpose and Prospects of the EU’s Maritime Security Strategy
5.2 The EUMSS and the Mediterranean
5.3 A Step Forward and a Test for the EU
6. Italian Defence Policy, Armed Forces and Operations in the Mediterranean, by Alessandro Marrone, Michele Nones and Alessandro R. Ungaro, p. 109-140
6.1 The Migration Crisis and Naval Operations in the Mediterranean
6.2 The Euro-Mediterranean Region in the Italian White Paper and NATO
6.3 Italian Military Deployment in the Mediterranean
Bibliography, p. 141-154