Innovazione tecnologica e difesa: Forza NEC nel quadro euro-atlantico

Technological innovation and the military have always been in a state of constant interaction, fostered especially during the post-Cold War period. In this context, the present study focuses on the relationship of Italian, American, British, French and German Armed Forces with Information Communication Technology (ICT). The aim is to analyse in a Euro-Atlantic perspective the path undertaken by the Italian Army to develop Network Enabled Capabilities (NEC) through the “Forza NEC” Programme. The acronym NEC refers to the interconnection of different elements of the Armed Forces in a single broad network, making them interact in order to achieve a strategic superiority. The book is composed of three chapters, which offer respectively an analysis of the American case, an overview of recent developments in France, Germany and the UK, and a discussion of the situation in Italy. The volume – which comes four years after the IAI publication The Transformation of Armed Forces: The Forza NEC Programme – aims at analysing state of the art of the evolving relationship between technological innovation and the Armed Forces. This evolution is hindered by the fact that efforts to digitalise and interconnect land forces and their equipment by using ICT sometimes clash with both operational difficulties and budget constraints. Such a clash poses challenges and roadblocks on the way towards NEC undertaken by the Armed Forces of the countries discussed in this book.

Produced within the framework of the project "The Armed Forces in the age of Information Communication Technology (ICT) and the Forza NEC Program". Presented at the conference "Forze Armate e innovazione tecnologica nel programma Forza NEC", Rome, 4 June 2015.

English version: IAI Research Papers 23.

Roma, Nuova Cultura, May 2015, 164 p.
Publication date: 

Executive Summary
Prefazione, di Vincenzo Camporini
Lista degli acronimi
1. Forze armate americane e capacità netcentriche: alla ricerca di un equilibrio, di Maren Leed
1.1 Il dibattito americano sulle Network Enabled Capabilities (NEC)
1.2 I requisiti delle forze armate e le capacità netcentriche
1.3 I principali programmi di procurement
1.4 Sfide e opportunità future
1.5 Conclusioni
2. Il percorso d’avvicinamento alle NEC: Francia, Germania e Regno Unito, di Nick Brown
2.1 Introduzione
2.2 Lo spazio cibernetico
2.3 Comando e Controllo (C2)
2.4 Comunicazioni satellitari (Satellite Communication, SATCOM)
2.5 La connettività in campo navale
2.6 La connettività in campo aereo
2.7 Conclusioni
3. L’Italia e il programma Forza NEC, di Tommaso De Zan
3.1 La politica di difesa italiana e il ruolo dell’Esercito
3.2 L’Esercito Italiano e la capacità netcentrica
3.3 Il programma Forza NEC e i suoi aspetti industriali
3.4 Le prospettive di Forza NEC: sfide e opportunità
3.5 Conclusioni
4. Le sfide delle capacità netcentriche, di Alessandro Marrone, Michele Nones e Alessandro R. Ungaro

Research area