In 2009 the Institute started up a research program on the security policies of the African Union and European Union's role in contributing to the growth of African capabilities in crisis prevention and management. The goal is to evaluate the connections between the strengthening of African structures devoted to the maintenance of international peace and security and the European foreign and security policy. This process also involves other international and regional actors (such as the UN and NATO), sub-regional actors (eg sub-regional organizations in Africa, from ECOWAS to IGAD), and non-state actors (local and transnational NGOs, private enterprises, etc.). During 2014, research will focus on the private sector's contribution to the Euro-African Partnership. Since 2011, IAI has been a member of the Observatoire de l'Afrique, a network of European and African institutions dealing with politics and security on the African continent.