Youth are among the most active demographic group to have challenged the authoritarianism of the state before, during and after the 2010-12 Arab uprisings. Yet, youth in the MENA still suffer from the highest unemployment rates in the world and the chronic lack of jobs and opportunities are widely considered a significant factor fuelling radical ideologies in the area. While many studies have focused on the category of “youth” in the Arab world, it is rare to hear how young people themselves view and interpret developments unfolding in their societies. Rarer still is to have these voices contribute to ongoing policy debates on the future of the Mediterranean. This edited volume collects the revised and updated versions of eight policy papers produced by outstanding young scholars and activists from the Middle East and North Africa. Their works, focused on topics such as climate change and environmental degradation, state-society relations, radicalization and the migrant and refugee crisis, were presented during an international conference held at the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation on 19 January 2017.
Revised and updated versions of eight policy papers presented at the international conference “Youth and the Mediterranean: Exploring New Approaches to Dialogue and Cooperation” held in Rome on 19 January 2017 and jointly organized by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), the OSCE Secretariat in Vienna, the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, the German Marshall Fund of the United States and the Compagnia di San Paolo of Turin within the framework of the New-Med Research Network.
Introduction, Andrea Dessì, Lorenzo Kamel, p. 4-7
Contributors, p. 8-9
I. Environmental Challenges and Climate Change
1. Sustainable Consumption for Food and Nutrition Security in the MENA Region, by Sibelle El Labban, p. 10-39
2. Water Scarcity in Jordan: Roots of the Issue and Policy Recommendations, by Hussam Hussein, p. 40-55
II. Citizenship and the Weakening of the State System
3. Youth Empowerment as a Cornerstone of Stability in the MENA Region, by Abdelrahman Aldaqqah, p. 56-67
4. The Square’s Spatiality and Women’s Access to Public Space. Tahrir Square: The 18 Days, by Marwa Wasfy, p. 68-86
III. Radicalization and the ISIS Threat
5. A More Diplomatic Approach to ISIS? A Clan-Based Negotiation and Youth Employment Approach to Counter Radical Extremism in Iraq, by Khader Abualhayjaa, p. 87-100
6. Radicalization and the ISIS Threat, by Hamid Ait El Caid, p. 101-116
IV. Migration and the Refugee Crisis
7. Activating the Potential of Maghreb Countries in Reducing Current Refugee Flows to Europe: Redirecting the Waves, by Haifa Ben Cheikha, p. 117-129
8. Can the EU’s Recurrent Regional Migration Crises Be Transformed from a Challenge into an Opportunity for both the EU and Its Neighbouring Countries?, by Zied Touzani, p. 130-144