Nuclear Risk Reduction: Looking Back, Moving Forward, and the Role of NATO

In a difficult geopolitical environment marked by increased tensions among nuclear-armed and nuclear-allied states, there has emerged an urgent and widespread call for the implementation of practical measures to reduce the risk of nuclear-weapon use – whether intentional or inadvertent. A concerted effort to take risk reduction forward must address the spectrum of use scenarios by drawing on past activities, building on existing agreements and considering innovative approaches. NATO will have a key role to play, given the nuclear nature of the Alliance and the involvement of its members in strategic and regional competition. Alliance activities past and present can provide insight relevant to the development of multilateral risk-reduction measures. At the same time, in highlighting the dynamism and multi-faceted nature of risk, they underline the scale of the challenge ahead.

Authors: 
Details: 
Rome, IAI, December 2020, 23 p.
Attachments: 
Issue: 
20|44
ISBN/ISSN/DOI: 
978-88-9368-166-7
Publication date: 
21/12/2020

Introduction
1. The evolution of the debate
1.1 Cold War origins
1.2 Different frameworks of discussion
1.3 The NPT and disarmament
2. A pathways-based approach
2.1 Doctrinal risk
2.2 Escalatory risk
2.3 Unauthorized risk
2.4 Accidental risk
3. Advancing risk reduction
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