NATO's Current and Future Support for Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-proliferation

Times may be tough in the field of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation (ADN). But ADN is by no means dead. This is a moment of opportunity, a chance to look to the future and consider what we should be doing differently to improve the international architecture for ADN in the future. NATO is in the process of considering how it can adapt to continue to be relevant in the changing global security environment. The time is therefore ripe for the Alliance to take on an enhanced role in preserving and strengthening more effective ADN. There are a number of areas in which it can support these efforts. These include specific steps to preserve and implement the Non-Proliferation Treaty, modernise the Vienna Document, adapt nuclear arms control regimes and deal with emerging and disruptive technologies (EDTs). NATO should position itself as a focal point for innovation in the ADN area, including promoting advances in verification, improving the multinational sharing and use of data, and advancing dialogue related to outer space.

Rome, IAI, December 2020, 17 p.
Publication date: 

1. Strategic context
2. NATO’s advantages and disadvantages as an ADN forum
3. Secretary General’s 2019 proposals
3.1 Preserving and implementing the NPT
3.2 Modernising the Vienna Document
3.3 Adapting nuclear arms control regimes
3.4 Developing new rules and standards for emerging technologies
4. Additional areas for NATO work
4.1 Becoming a focal point for ADN innovation
4.2 Promoting verification
4.3 Advancing data access in support of national technical means
4.4 Contributing to thinking on arms control in outer space

Research area