Paper presented at the fourth workshop of the European Security and Defence Forum (ESDF) on "A New European Security Architecture?", London, 11 November 2010.
1. Introduction: Militarization of Energy
2. The EU Dependence on Foreign Oil and Gas Resources
3. Security of Supplies
4. Emerging “Hard-Security” Threats
Access to disputed resources
Security of sea lanes
Rebels, insurgencies and regional conflicts
The threat of international terrorism
5. Militarising Energy?
6. What Role for the EU?