The Militarization of Energy: A Sustainable Challenge for the EU?
Paper presented at the fourth workshop of the European Security and Defence Forum (ESDF) on "A New European Security Architecture?", London, 11 November 2010.
1. Introduction: Militarization of Energy
2. The EU Dependence on Foreign Oil and Gas Resources
3. Security of Supplies
4. Emerging “Hard-Security” Threats
Access to disputed resources
Security of sea lanes
Rebels, insurgencies and regional conflicts
The threat of international terrorism
5. Militarising Energy?
6. What Role for the EU?