Italian and Spanish approaches to external migration management in the Sahel: venues for cooperation and coherence

This paper is the result of a joint project by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (Rome) and the Elcano Royal Institute, promoted by the Italian Embassy in Madrid. It provides a broad view of the evolution of Spanish and Italian external migration policies through a closer examination of their approach towards the Sahel region and in light of the broader EU policy context. The analysis focuses on the historical background, migratory contexts, policy tools, perspectives, interests and strategic preferences of these two key EU Member States. Its aim is to encourage an improved and broadened dialogue between the two countries, ultimately contributing to increased cooperation on external migration policies.

Madrid, Elcano Royal Institute, 20 June 2018, 32 p. (Elcano Working Papers ; 13/2018)
Publication date: 

1. Introduction
2. Drivers and patterns of migration in and through the Sahel
3. The Sahel as the playground for renewed EU activism in external migration management
4. Italy’s migration policies in the Sahel: the Niger case study
4.1 Broadening the focus: Italy’s external migration policies
4.2 Niger’s augmented importance in migration management
4.3 Impact of migration management cooperation and continuing challenges
5. Spain’s migration policies in the Sahel
Case study: Spain’s policies in Senegal
6. Coordination and coherence of Italian and Spanish external migration policies
6.1 Past experiences of cooperation: initial multilateralism essays
6.2 Cooperation in the post-2015 era: managing a constellation of interactions and frameworks
6.3 The way forward: closer dialogue at all levels, mutual learning and promoting coherence internally and within the EU framework
7. Conclusions and recommendations
List of institutions interviewed
List of acronyms

Research area