The Development of a European Defence Technology and Industrial Base (EDTIB)

In 2007 the EU member states inaugurated a European Defence Technological and Industrial Base strategy. The gradual integration of national DTIB should lead to self-sufficiency for security of supply - but on a European rather than national level. A better co-ordinated, less duplicative defence landscape was to emerge, to better serve the political objectives of European defence. Six years on, with the European Council on defence scheduled for later this year, this is the right time to define where EDTIB stands today and what added value can EU institutions offer to sustain and develop it. The current state and the long-term trend of the defence policies and industrial activities make the materialisation of the current vision of the EDTIB increasingly improbable. The joint political vision has lost contact with the individual political and industrial reality of the growing export orientation of European suppliers. In addition, security of supply depends ever more on the influx of civilian and defence goods as well as raw materials from beyond Europe's borders. The EDTIB is trapped between the national and global developments. New solutions have to be added to the already existing recommendations. A key step would be a revision of the 2007 EDTIB Strategy.

Details: 
Brussels, European Parliament, June 2013, 98 p. (Policy Department External Policies Study)
ISBN/ISSN/DOI: 
978-92-823-4540-5 / 10.2861/15836
Publication date: 
10/06/2013

List of acronyms
Executive summary
1. Europe's defence technological and industrial base
1.1 Understanding DTIBS: drivers and characteristics
1.1.1 Defence spending
1.1.2 Criticality of global markets
1.1.3 Globalised production
1.1.4 Industrial structure
1.1.5 Technologies and R&D
1.2 The European DTIB - political vision and industrial reality
1.2.1 Assessing the political "E": the impact of national and international policies
1.2.2 Assessing the industrial qualities: the three Cs reflecting the industrial “E”
1.2.3 Methodology and a caveat
2. Mapping the "e"-in-EDTIB
2.1 The political "e"
2.1.1 The international perspective: existing elements of the EDTIB
2.1.2 The national perspective: DTIBs of LoI+ countries
2.1.3 Future perspectives: major procurement projects and effect of the fiscal crisis
2.2 The industrial "e"
2.2.1 The overall industrial picture
2.2.2 Sectors assessment: aerospace, land, naval and electronics
2.3 EDTIB outside the EU: military and industrial dependencies
2.3.1 Military dependency
2.3.2 Dependency on suppliers: United States and Russia
2.3.3 Industrial dependency
2.3.4 Export-market dependency
2.4 State and future perspectives of the EDTIB
2.4.1 State of EDTIB
2.4.2 Future perspectives for the EDTIB
3. Analysis of specific EU level options
3.1 Protection of key industrial capacities / key strategic activities within EDTIB
3.2 Pooling national and EU funds for research & technology
3.3 Joint procurement: common European requirement and flagship programs
3.4 Using structural funds to support the EDTIB
3.4.1 An overview of the structural funds
3.4.2 The structural funds and the EDTIB: opportunities, challenges and risks
3.4.3 Opportunities
3.4.4 Challenges
4. Recommendations
4.1 Revising the EDTIB strategy
4.2 Political commitment is needed: an annual defence sector council
4.3 Knowledge is key: a systematic monitoring of EDTIB
4.4 Managing global dependencies
4.5 A long-term strategic guidance: industrial headline goal 2030 linked to capability needs
4.6 Empowering EDA
4.7 Getting better value for money: consolidation of demand
4.8 MS should explain future rules and preferences for industrial activities in the EDTIB
4.9 EU structural funds to support EDTIB diversification and restructuring
Bibliography
Appendix 1: Methodological notes
Appendix 2: Report from the workshop and the hearing on European development defence technological and industrial base (EDTIB)
Appendix 3: Workshop power point presentation

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