The Atlantic Alliance and the Middle East

Although the Middle East does not fall within the area covered by NATO, it is of great importance to the members of the Atlantic Alliance, as recent events in the Gulf clearly show. In some instances members of the Alliance may have to act, individually or collectively, to safeguard those interests, even with the employment of military forces. In this book an attempt is made to define these interests, to indicate some of the threats that may arise, to outline the most important military and political factors and, finally, to describe the institutional structures, relationships and procedures which will also affect decisions on the use of force. This book represents the first major contribution to this topical field and gives to the reader a clear idea of the implication of selected uses of force, both for the maintenance of Western interests and for the security and cohesion of the Alliance.

Product of the research project "Security Outside NATO: The Atlantic Alliance and the Middle East" conducted by the Center for International Studies University of Pittsburg and the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI). Chapter 4 published also in The International Spectator, Vol. 22, No. 3 (July-September 1987), p. 130-151.

Basingstoke/London, MacMillan, May 1989, xii, 316 p.
0-333-46578-4 ; 978-0-333-46578-3
Publication date: 

Notes on the Contributors, p. viii-x
Preface, p. xi-xii

1. Out-of-Area Issues: A New Challenge to the Atlantic Alliance, Gianni Bonvicini, p. 1-16
I Out-of-Area: A History Which Starts with the Signing of the North Atlantic Treaty
II Out-of-Area Experiences
Ill The Middle East and the Out-of-Area Issue
2. Levels of Conflict in the Middle East, Richard W. Cottam, p. 17-72
I The Intra-State Level of Conflict
II The Inter-Regime Level of Conflict
III Conflict at the Level of the International System
IV Trends in the Bases of Conflict in the Middle East
V Applications to the Future
3. The Uses of Force in the Middle East, Anthony H. Cordesman, p. 73-146
I Forces in, and Available for Deployment to, the Middle East
II Using and Supporting Western Power Projection Capabilities
Ill Regional Scenarios for the Use of Force
IV Libya: A Case Study of Counter-Terrorist Operations
V The Forces of Military Change
VI Issues But No Answers
4. Do-it-Yourself: The National Approach to the Out-of-Area Question, Maurizio Cremasco, p. 147-192
I The Political Framework
II National Positions on the Out-of-Area Question
Ill Western Forces in Yesterday's Crises
IV The Limits to Western Action
5. Political Perceptions and Military Responses to Out-of-Area Challenges, Reinhardt Rummel, p. 193-226
I Factors Influencing Policy on the Use of Force 194
II Assessment of the Nature and Scope of the Threat
III Public Opinion and the Use of Force in the Middle East
IV Military Forces as a Regional Deterrent Factor
V Public Opinion in Previous Cases of the Use of Force
VI Organising the Western Response
VII The Limits to Consensus
6. Multilateral Coordination of Out-of-Area Activities, Geoffrey Edwards, p. 227-267
I Bilateral and Multilateral Approaches to Coordination
II The European Community
III The European Political Cooperation
IV The Western European Union
V The Atlantic Alliance
VI The Western Economic Summits
VII Multinational Coordination in Past Crises
VIII Towards More Effective Cooperation
7. Conclusions and Recommendations, Joseph I. Coffey, p. 268-307
I Western Interests in the Middle East
II Threats to Western Interests
III The Uses of Force: An Overview
IV Reconciling National Approaches
V Agreeing on Responses
VI Organising for Decision Making
VII Controlling Military Operations
VIII Lessons From the Past
IX Applications to the Future
X 'To Do or Not To Do ... '
XI What To Do?

Index, p. 308-316

Research area