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Algeria–Morocco Relations and their Impact on the Maghrebi Regional System


This paper analyses the dynamics of relations between the two regional powers in the Maghrebi sub-regional system: Algeria and Morocco. More specifically, it examines the trajectory of the long and complex interactions between those two states as well as the key issues at stake, especially the Saharan problem. Based on extensive interviews conducted in both Algeria and Morocco, the paper compares the two country’s divergent perspectives on those issues and discusses how those differences impact on regional stability. It argues that in spite of their long history of difficult relations, Algeria and Morocco have made continuous efforts to avoid major escalations that would lead to direct military confrontation. Moreover, recent developments in the region, including Morocco joining the African Union as well as common challenges such as the fight against terrorism, have provided opportunities for the two states to cooperate.

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