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2022 - 2026

This project (2022-2026), coordinated by the Institut d’études européennes (IEE) at the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB), will assess the EU’s capacity to act given the challenges facing Democratic Institutions, the rise of Alternative MOdels and mounting Normative Dissensus (DIAMOND).

GEM-DIAMOND is a Marie Skłodowska Curie Action - Doctoral Network (MSCA-DN) involving 7 European and 4 international degree-awarding Higher Education Institutes (HEIs) alongside 6 well-established non-academic institutions. The project will hire and train 16 doctoral fellows to help address knowledge gaps associated with the growing normative tensions undermining multilateral and democratic practice – for further information see

The GEM-DIAMOND’s researchers will first unpack the internal (within the EU and its MS) and external (beyond Europe) drivers of the growing dissensus surrounding liberal democracy. Subsequently, the 16 Ph.D. researchers that will analyse a set of individual cases to draw lessons on the continued effectiveness and legitimacy of the EU’s political and socio-economic policy instruments considering the mounting dissensus surrounding liberal democracy.

IAI participates - together with Luiss and the University of Copenhagen - in the 1st Work Package (WP1) - entitled "Conceptualising Growing Dissensus over Liberal Democracy" -. and in particular in the Early-Stage Researcher No. 4 (ESR4) on "EU grand strategy in a competitive system: European liberal democracy in a multipolar world". WP1 includes 4 individual doctoral projects that will each unpack a key strand of dissensus facing liberal democratic norms, principles, and values from a distinct disciplinary point of view. Each of the four individual research projects will leadup to a Double Doctoral Manuscript.

Building on the previous GEM-STONES project  also coordinated by ULB, GEM-DIAMOND can rely on a well established international academic community.


Funding: European Union’s Horizon Europe research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Doctoral Network program (MSCA-DN)

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