Youth Activism in the South and East Mediterranean Countries since the Arab Uprisings: Challenges and Policy Options

Dealing with the youth in the MENA region entails acknowledging that this is a diverse category. Young people across different social, cultural, class, gender and ethnic strata have expressed a number of socio-economic needs and demands and have tended to act differently. The experiences of the individual South and East Mediterranean countries also tend to differ to a great extent as far as the governments’ response and policies are concerned. The first part of this study offers a background analysis to understand this complexity and the different claims, forms and strategies of activism around socio-economic issues. The following chapters analyse the Egyptian and the Palestinian experiences respectively, highlighting thereby specific aspects of youth activism in the SEM region. The final contribution, with a focus on Tunisia, analyses the potential contribution of EU’s policies in fostering a youth-sensitive approach.

Outcome of the Working Package on "Youth Activism in the South and East Mediterranean Countries since the Arab Uprisings: Challenges and Policy Options", led by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) in the framework of the EuroMeSCo project “Euro-Mediterranean Political Research and Dialogue for Inclusive Policy-Making Processes”.

Barcelona, European Institute of the Mediterranean, February 2016, 74 p. (EuroMeSCo Joint Policy Study ; 2)
Publication date: 

1. Youth Activism, Government Policies and the Role of the EU, Silvia Colombo, p. 7-24
1.1 The Impact of Government Policies on Youth Exclusion/Inclusion
1.2 Framing Youth Activism in the South and East Mediterranean Countries
1.3 The EU’s Youth-Relevant Policies and Approach in the South and East Mediterranean Countries
1.4 Conclusions and Outline of the Other Chapters of the Policy Study
2. The Quest for Accountability and Socio-Political Change in Egypt: Repertoires of Actions and Challenges for Youth Activism at the Local Level, Nadine Abdalla, p. 27-43
2.1 Advocacy and Training: A Way to Increase Youth Inclusion?
2.2 Creating and Supporting “Popular Committees”: A Way to Empower People?
2.3 Playing a Mediating Role: A Way to Build Local Lobbies and Social Capital?
2.4 Conclusions and Recommendations
Bibliography and Background references
3. The Arab Spring and the Palestinian Youth Movement: Different Challenges and Priorities, Omar Shaban, p. 45-59
3.1 The Political Context
3.2 The Arab Spring: Palestinian Youth Hopes
3.3 A Palestinian Spring?
3.4 Palestinian Youth Actions and Forms of Mobilisation
3.5 An Extreme Form of Resistance. Neither Intifada, nor Military Resistance: the Habbah
3.6 “Arab Winter”, “Palestinian Winter”: Disillusion and Radicalisation?
3.7 Conclusions and Recommendations
4. Fostering a Youth-Sensitive Approach in the EU’s Policies towards the South and East Mediterranean Countries – The Case of Tunisia, Isabel Schäfer, p. 61-74
4.1 Aspirations and Concerns of Tunisian Youth(s)
4.2 Fostering a Youth-Sensitive Approach in EU Policies
4.3 The EU’s Toolkit to Tackle Youth Challenges in the SEM Countries
Bibliography and Background references

Research area