Women and Peace Operations: The Achievement of the Italian Mission in Herat

The research that forms the basis of this study aims to address women’s roles within peace operations, as well as their contribution to security and peace-building. Based on Italy’s contribution to the NATO-led missions – the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) and, currently, Resolute Support (RS) – the subject of the analysis is Afghanistan, and particularly Herat Province. The research effort is specifically aimed at assessing the impact of the civil–military cooperation (CIMIC) initiatives implemented by Italian troops in Herat, with a specific focus on gender and Afghan women. The first part of this paper addresses the theoretical framework on women’s participation in stabilization and reconstruction efforts. It introduces concepts such as gender analysis and gender mainstreaming, and, consequently, the benefits of focusing on gender when carrying out CIMIC initiatives within peace operations. The second part focuses on the CIMIC activities implemented by the Italian contingent in Herat Province. The concluding section of the paper provides some “food for thought”, aimed at contributing to further enhancing the effectiveness of the CIMIC projects carried out by the Italian military and their related effects.

Roma, IAI, May 2017, 35 p.
Publication date: 

1. War as a gendered process
2. Gender and peace operations

2.1 Integrating gender perspectives within peace operations
2.2 Gender and security within peace operations
2.3 Gender and civil–military cooperation
3. The Italian contingent in Herat: Background to the operational environment
3.1 A brief overview of gender issues in Afghanistan
3.2 Herat Province: key aspects and specificities of the case study
4. Italy’s contribution in Herat
5. Key findings from the field research

5.1 Security
5.2 Education
5.3 Civil authorities
5.4 The economy and employment

Research area