As the so-called Arab Spring has slid into political uncertainty, lingering insecurity and civil conflict, European and American initial enthusiasm for anti-authoritarian protests has given way to growing concerns that revolutionary turmoil in North Africa may in fact have exposed the West to new risks. Critical in cementing this conviction has been the realisation that developments originated from Arab Mediterranean countries and spread to the Sahel have now such a potential to affect Western security and interests as to warrant even military intervention, as France's operation in Mali attests. EU and US involvement in fighting piracy off the Horn of Africa had already laid bare the nexus between their security interests and protracted crises in sub-Saharan Africa. But the new centrality acquired by the Sahel after the Arab uprisings - particularly after Libya's civil war - has elevated this nexus to a new, larger dimension. The centre of gravity of Europe's security may be swinging to Africa, encompassing a wide portion of the continental landmass extending south of Mediterranean coastal states. The recrudescence of the terrorist threat from Mali to Algeria might pave the way to an American pivot to Africa, thus requiring fresh thinking on how the European Union and the United States can better collaborate with each other and with relevant regional actors.
Revised and updated versions of the papers presented at the sixth edition of the Transatlantic Security Symposium, held in Rome on 2 December 2013.
List of Contributors, p. 7
List of Abbreviations, p. 9-11
Preface, p. 13-15
1. The Libya-Mali Axis: Spreading Instability across the Sahel and the Horn of Africa
Riccardo Alcaro, p. 17-28
2. EU Security Policies in the Sahel and the Horn of Africa after the Arab Uprisings: What Prospects for Transatlantic Cooperation?
Nicoletta Pirozzi, p. 29-41
3. EU and US Policies in the Sahel and the Horn of Africa: The Search for Sustainable Approaches
Richard Downie, p. 43-58
4. Security in the Sahel: Linking the Atlantic to the Mediterranean
Kwesi Aning and Lydia Amedzrator, p. 59-69
5. Geopolitical Disruptions in the Sahel: An Opportunity for Global Cooperation?
Matthieu Pellerin, p. 71-85
6. Struggling to Make a Difference: Challenges and Prospects for International Intervention in the Horn of Africa
Marta Martinelli, p. 87-103
Appendix A. Transatlantic Security from the Sahel to the Horn of Africa. Report of the Transatlantic Security Symposium 2013
Lorenzo Vai, p. 105-117
Appendix B. Transatlantic Security Symposium 2013 Agenda, p. 119-121
Appendix C. List of participants in the Transatlantic Security Symposium 2013, p. 123-126
Bibliography, p. 127-139