The debate on technological development and the unfolding fourth technological revolution tends to neglect the role of the EU, relegating it to follower status. The leadership positions are occupied by the US and China, who compete with one another for technological supremacy. Yet, despite lagging behind in some areas, the EU is better placed than is often assumed and still stands a chance of guaranteeing the delivery of a technological revolution that is not only environmentally but also socially sustainable. This is critical in proposing a model of technological development alternative to that of China, in particular, and especially in such sectors as artificial intelligence, supercomputing and digital skills.
Study produced as part of the project “La geopolitica del digitale”, March 2021.
1.1 The digitalisation of SMEs
1.2 Cashless payments and “smart cities”
3. Artificial intelligence (AI)
4. Digital skills
5. 5G technology
6. Data and regulation