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Tackling Uncertainty: Turkish-EU Foreign Policy Cooperation in the Middle East and North Africa


With the withdrawal of NATO forces from Afghanistan, the continuation of overlapping security and socio-economic challenges across much of the Middle East and North Africa and the Russian invasion of Ukraine, foreign policy cooperation between the EU and Turkey is assuming even greater relevance than in the past. Nonetheless, despite the existence of several areas of mutual concern (from migration to energy supplies and the need for inclusive reconciliation initiatives in various conflict and post-conflict settings), bilateral relations have often been strained and at times even conflictual. Departing from the assumption that space for cooperation clearly does exist (and is desirable for both actors), the project investigates the respective foreign policy approaches of Europe and Turkey towards five regional case studies (Afghanistan, the Eastern Mediterranean, Iraq, Libya and Syria). It then maps areas of cooperation or divergence in each of these contexts, advancing policy recommendations to promote more sustainable cooperation and understanding between two actors in their shared neighbourhood.

Paper produced in the framework of the project “Tackling Uncertainty: EU-Turkish Foreign Policy Cooperation in the MENA”.

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