EU member states have proven incapable of clarity in their strategic planning, with their key strategic documents almost inevitably abstract and ambiguous. This is extremely unfortunate because without a clear catalogue of interests and an understanding of their location around the world it is impossible to determine a country's appropriate force structure, let alone conduct a coherent and effective foreign and defence policy. This lack of rigor in strategic planning is hurting European defence integration, as states are unable to have transparent and constructive debates about the interests they share. It would be wise to incorporate into the strategic planning process a model that allows for the capturing and quantifying of states' interests. Such a process might lead to the realization that EU member states share more strategic interests than is at first apparent.
Research supported by the COST Action "Common denominators for a European vision on CSDP and peace missions".
Introduction: Question and definitions
1. Strategy making in Europe today: the cases of France, Spain, Germany and the EU
2. Why is this important?
3. How can strategy making in Europe be improved?
4. Challenges and difficulties