Stalled by Division: EU Internal Contestation over the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
Since 1980, Europe’s policy towards the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has served as a major barometer of the Union’s ability to formulate an autonomous and cohesive foreign policy. This paper reflects on the impact of the factors that hamper the effectiveness and coherence of EUFSP towards the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. While there is broad consensus that the EU has some impact in supporting socio-economic development and institution-building in Palestine, its political impact has been negligible. An unfavourable regional and global environment has made the Israel-Palestine question an especially difficult foreign policy dossier. The EU’s failure to fully exploit its limited leverage on this conflict is largely its own making. The case displays the symptoms of EU deficiencies in EU internal consensus, politics and institutional set-up in a particularly harsh manner, and shows how the effectiveness and sustainability of EUFSP often falls victim to the requirement of unity. The result is a dysfunctional stalemate in which policy statements and action (or lack thereof) drift ever further apart.
DetailsRome, IAI, February 2023, 45 p.
IssueJOINT Research Paper 19
Introduction: The Palestinian-Israeli conflict, a benchmark for EU Foreign and Security Policy
1. The context of EUFSP in Israel-Palestine
1.1 Relevance of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict for the EU
1.2 EUFSP in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: Politics and policies
1.2.1 EU presence and agency in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
1.2.2 EU Coherence and effectiveness: An analysis of constraining factors
1.3 Weaknesses and strengths of EUFSP in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
2. Mitigating the negative effects of constraining factors on EUFSP
2.1 Working around regional and global constraints
2.2 Navigating policy divisions
2.3 Handling the politics of engagement
2.4 Improving process