Space and security: the use of space in the context of the CSDP

Space applications are best suited for dealing with an increasingly expanding concept of security. If, on the one hand, traditional customers are military users, on the other, a wider security and civilian community benefits from space services which are being developed in Europe in line with the evolution of Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) civilian and military missions. The study includes a twofold analysis. First, an analysis of CSDP missions and their operational context to be matched with the main space-based applications. Of course, the EU flagship programmes GMES and Galileo are taken into consideration. Second, an overview of the state-of-the-art of the different space programmes in Europe based on their compatibility with CSDP missions is provided. Building on this analysis, conclusions on the use of space in the context CSDP are drawn, focusing on strengths and weaknesses emerged. Finally, some recommendations addressed to the European Parliament are provided.

Study requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Subcommittee on Security and Defence.

Brussels, European Parliament, November 2011, 26 p. (Policy Department External Policies Study)
Publication date: 

List of Acronyms
Executive Summary
1. Introduction
2. Space-Based Applications in Support of CSDP
2.1. Earth observation for intelligence and surveillance
2.2. Satellite telecommunications
2.3. Unmanned Aerial Systems
2.4. Navigation and Positioning
2.5. Space-based electromagnetic intelligence
2.6. Early warning
2.7. Importance of the EU flagship programmes: Galileo and GMES services
2.8. The Libyan experience
2.9. State-of-the-art of the different space programmes in Europe relevant to CSDP
2.9.1. Earth observation
2.9.2. Satellite communications
2.9.3. Navigation and positioning
2.9.5. Early warning
2.9.6. Space Situational Awareness
2.9.7. EDA/ESA/EC cooperation in space capabilities development
3. Conclusions and Recommendations

Research area