Promoting Stability and Development in Africa: How to Foster Cooperation between Public and Private Sectors

Africa is experiencing one of the greatest transformations of its history. Today’s Sub-Saharan Africa is still marked by enduring instability, mass migrations and crises, but at the same time it is also characterised by positive developments including economic growth and regional integration. This publication sheds light on these changes from three perspectives: economic policies and sustainable development; good governance and democracy; peace and security. Research in relevant regions in Sub-Saharan Africa and key countries (Ethiopia, Mozambique, Nigeria and South Africa) has been conducted by African and European experts with the aim of assessing the role of the private sector and determining the partnership opportunities that could potentially be developed with the public sector. A series of policy recommendations are offered to the European Union on how to tackle these opportunities in cooperation with old and new actors.

Final product of the research project "Promoting Stability and Development in Africa: How to Foster Cooperation between Public and Private Sectors" conducted by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) together with the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) and with the support of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation. Presented at the conference "Fostering Stability and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: Analysis and Perspectives on Public-Private Partnerships", Brussels, 10 February 2016.

Roma, Nuova Cultura, November 2015, 207 p.
Publication date: 

List of Contributors, p. 9
List of Abbreviations, p. 11-16
Preface, by Massimo D’Alema, p. 17-23
Introduction, by Marta Martinelli and Nicoletta Pirozzi, p. 25-27

1. A Case Study of Ethiopia, by Mehari Taddele Maru and Abel Abate Demise, p. 29-66
1.1 Economic Development: Combating Poverty
1.1.1 The Political Economy of Ethiopia: The 1970s Student Movement and its Dominant Political Framework
1.1.2 Developmental Political Party: Towards a UNDP-like State?
1.1.3 Public-Private Partnership in Ethiopia: PPP in a Developmental State
1.1.4 The Ethiopian Public-Private Consultative Forum
1.2 Governance and Democratisation: a Mixed Performance Record
1.2.1 Federal Policy: Addressing National Civil War and Localised Conflicts
1.2.2 Ethiopia According to International Indicators
1.2.3 Elections in Ethiopia: The Democracy Deficit
1.3 Peace and Security: Main Factors for Insecurity and Instability
1.3.1 External Threats
1.3.2 Internal Threats
1.4 Ethiopia’s Regional Diplomatic and Integrative Role: Stability, Peace and Development
1.4.1 Leadership in Multilateral Diplomacy
1.4.2 Bilateral Relations: Ethiopia and Its Neighbours
1.4.3 The Integrative Role of Ethiopia
1.5 Trends: Reform Outpacing Crisis? Or Crisis Outpacing Reform?
1.5.1 The Security Nexus: Climate Change, Water, Food and Energy Security

2. A Case Study of Mozambique, by Paulo Mateus Wache, p. 67-91
2.1 Historical Overview: From Socialism to Capitalism
2.2 Public-Private Sector Relations
2.2.1 Prevalence of Public Sector over Private Sector (1975-1990)
2.2.2 Transition Period (1990-2000)
2.2.3 Consolidation of Private Sector (2000-2014)
2.3 Socio-Economic Development
2.4 Private Sector and Democratic Governance
2.5 Private Sector and Stability

3. A Case Study of Nigeria, by J. Shola Omotola, p. 93-115
3.1 The Private Sector and Socio-Economic Development
3.1.1 National Policy Initiatives/Interventions for Socio-Economic Development
3.1.2 Policy Impact on Private Sector and Socio-Economic Development
3.1.3 Despite Growth, Key Concerns and Challenges Abound
3.2 The Private Sector and Governance and Democracy
3.2.1 Selected CSOs and the Promotion of Governance and Democracy
3.2.2 Despite CSO Mobilisation, Key Concerns about Governance and Democracy Remain
3.3 The Private Sector and Peace and Security
3.3.1 Public and Private Sector Responses to the Challenge of Peace and Security
Conclusions and Recommendations

4. A Case Study of South Africa, by Catherine Grant Makokera, p. 117-145
4.1 Cooperation between the Public and Private Sectors in South Africa
4.1.1 Overview of State-Business Relations in South Africa
4.1.2 South Africa’s Economic Diplomacy
4.2 The Private Sector and Socio-Economic Development
4.2.1 Overview of South African Economic Policy
4.2.2 Key Sectors for Development and Structural Transformation
4.2.3 Regional Economic Development and South Africa
4.3 The Private Sector and Governance and Democracy
4.3.1 Overview of Governance and Democracy Indicators in Southern Africa
4.3.2 Challenges to Combating Corruption
4.4 The Private Sector and Peace and Security
4.4.1 Crime and Security in South Africa
4.4.2 South Africa as a Regional Peacemaker

5. Promoting Stability and Development in Africa: How to Foster Cooperation between Public and Private Sectors, by Giorgio Garbasso, Marta Martinelli and Nicoletta Pirozzi, p. 147-176
5.1 Implementing Economic Policies and Structural Reforms for Sustainable Development: Fostering PPPs in the Energy, Infrastructure and Agricultural Sectors
5.1.1 State-Business Relations in Domestic and Foreign Economic Policies
5.1.2 PPPs in Three Key Sectors: Agriculture, Infrastructure, Energy
5.2 The Role of PPPs in Democracy Promotion and Good Governance in Sub-Saharan Africa
5.2.1 Potential for PPPs to Improve the General Governance Environment
5.2.2 Challenges to PPPs’ Role in Promoting Democracy and Good Governance
5.3 Peace and Security: Engaging Private Actors in the Fight Against Terrorism, Crime and Conflict
5.3.1 Building Capabilities and Providing Resources to the Security Sector: The Role of PPPs
5.3.2 Promoting the Involvement of Non-State Actors in Conflict Prevention, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding
Conclusions: A new PPP Agenda for the Joint Africa-EU Strategy?

References, p. 177-207
1. A Case Study of Ethiopia
2. A Case Study of Mozambique
3. A Case Study of Nigeria
4. A Case Study of South Africa
5. Promoting Stability and Development in Africa

Research area