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The Nuclear Suppliers and Nonproliferation. International Policy Choices


India's nuclear explosion and the destruction of Iraq's nuclear reactor are just two events of the past decade that dramatize the need for strengthened nuclear supply and nonproliferation policies. Here, experts with international reputations grapple with the key issues of nonproliferation and discuss new ways of implementing the original principles of the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons. This book analyzes the difficult policy choices confronting governments of industrialized nations who must guarantee a supply of nuclear technology to developing countries while maintaining nonproliferation goals. The most pressing issue addressed is how to deal with "second-tier" nuclear suppliers – new exporters of nuclear materials, devices, and technologies. These nations, including South Africa, Argentina, Brazil, India, and Pakistan, are developing nuclear capabilities but subscribe neither to the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons nor to the export policy controls advanced by the Nuclear Suppliers' Group. The contributors also address alternative mechanisms for managing supplier-state cooperation and the prospects for U.S.-Soviet cooperation on nonproliferation. Scholars, activists, policy analysts, and policymakers in the nuclear energy fields will find this volume particularly useful, as will individuals in academia, public interest groups, the nuclear industry, and government who are concerned about or involved with the great nuclear debate.

Papers presented at the seminar "Nuclear Suppliers and Nuclear Nonproliferation" organised in Washington on 28-29 June 1984 by the Georgetown University Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in cooperation with the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), the Center for International and Strategic Affairs (CISA) of the University of California at Los Angeles; and Los Alamos National Laboratory, wich is also affiliated with the University of California.