As the Mediterranean changes, old and new regional and international players are reacting, vying to gain, retain, or remould their sources of influence over a region in flux. Of these, particularly critical are the roles of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and Turkey, on which this report focuses. The roles of the GCC and Turkey in the post-Arab Spring Maghreb are both very different and deeply intertwined.
Washington, The German Marshall Fund of the United States, 2012, 18 p.
Foreword, Nathalie Tocci
The Gulf in the Southern Mediterranean, Elena Maestri
Turkey: Model, Order-Setter, or Trade Partner?, Soli Özel and Serhat Güvenç