The paper analyses the future governance of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). Unlike other policy areas, the main challenges for CSDP stem from the lack of a core leadership and common purpose rather than from institutional design faults. Alongside, the EU's dysfunctional relationship with NATO has reduced the CSDP to a largely civilian crisis management endeavour in the wider EU neigbourhood. Moving forward, the EU ought to capitalize on sub-regional integration efforts in this field, while maintaining the EU as a whole as the basic reference point and common framework for deeper integration between groups of member states.
Paper produced within the framework of the project "Towards a More United and Effective Europe". Revised version of a paper presented at the IAI-Notre Europe seminar on "European Security after Libya and Ukraine: in search of a core leadership", Paris, 29 April 2014.
2. Regional Approaches
3. Regional Initiatives: Examples and Concepts
4. A Conceptual Framework for Northwestern Europe
5. Opportunities and Risks
6. Testing Regional Approaches: The Next Steps Forward
6.2. Bottom-up Processes
6.3. Top-down Approaches
6.4. Institutional Issues and Governance
7. A Way Forward