This report analyses the recent evolution of Hamas and Hezbollah. In particular, it aims at evaluating: (1) the roles of the two resistance movements in their respective national arenas, and (2) in the conflict with Israel; (3) the impact of the two Islamist movements on regional politics; and, finally, (4) the impact of Western, mainly EU policies, on them.
Report jointly submitted by the 'Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) and the al-Ahram Centre for Political and Strategic Studies (ACPSS) in the framework of the EuroMeSCo project.
Chap. 1 Hamas in and out of power, Khaled Hroub
1.1 The road to power
1.2 Hamas in power
1.3 The impact of politics
1.4 Implications for the Palestinian polity and legitimacy
1.5 Implications for Israel and for the future of a ‘peace settlement’
1.6 The Unity Government and its aftermath
1.7 In power – out of power: Hamas’s military takeover of Gaza, June 2007
1.8 Conclusion: What future for Hamas?
Chap. 2 Hezbollah in a state of uncertainty, Daniela Pioppi
2.1 Hezbollah ‘lebanonisation’ or ‘opening the door’: Accommodating the Lebanese state
2.2 Syria or Iran’s long hand, sectarian party or national movement?
2.3 Violence and resistance to Israeli occupation
2.4 Conclusion: Hezbollah in a state of uncertainty
Chap. 3 Hezbollah and Hamas: A perspective from the region, Amr Elshobaki
3.1 Hezbollah’s “victory” and how it affected the region
3.2 Hamas in “power” and implications for the region
Chap. 4 The international dimension: Western policies toward Hamas and Hezbollah, Nathalie Tocci
4.1 The West and Hezbollah: Trumping the aim of democracy and polarizing domestic politics
4.2 The West and Hamas: From internal violence to the end of the two-state solution
Conclusions and policy suggestions