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Climate Change, Insecurity and Migration: A Closer Look at India


India presents a key case of the interplay between geopolitics and challenges at the climate-insecurity-migration nexus. As the world’s most populous nation grapples with a complex political environment, its urgent struggle to balance economic development and poverty reduction with climate action has implications for both its 1.4+ billion population and the broader South Asian region. This paper analyses nexus challenges in India, identifies critical policy gaps in both domestic and foreign policy, and makes recommendations for improving multilateral governance throughout the South and Southeast Asian region. These areas of opportunity include: 1) leveraging political willpower to strengthen domestic architecture; 2) developing regional and transnational policy making platforms to effectively address the climate-migration-insecurity nexus; 3) building institutional capacity with adequate coordination mechanisms; and 4) ensuring adequate climate finance.

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