This volume is the product of a conviction regarding the importance of sustainability in understanding Mediterranean politics. Too often state sustainability had been erroneously confused with regime stability. Not only are these two concepts distinct, with sustainability being broader and deeper than stability. Also, pursuing regime stability has often acted to the detriment of state sustainability. The conviction underpinning this research has been corroborated by the events that have overwhelmed the Arab world since December 2010. Indeed, the year 2011 will go down in history as a critical turning point in the political evolution of the Mediterranean region. The popular uprisings that have swept across the Arab world and have led to the toppling of the Ben Ali and the Mubarak regimes in Tunisia and Egypt, have fundamentally altered the social, economic and political outlook of the region and, consequently, its relations with the European Union.
Revised and updated version of the working papers produced in the framework of MedPro, a project financed by the European Union's 7th Framework Programme. Papers have been revised and published in the framework of Microcon, an integrated project financed by the European Union's 6th Framework Programme.
List of Contributors
List of Abbreviations
Preface, Silvia Colombo, Nathalie Tocci
1. The Southern Mediterranean. Between Changes and Challenges to its Sustainability, Silvia Colombo
2. Tunisia: Changes and Challenges of Political Transition, Maria Cristina Paciello
3. Egypt: Changes and Challenges of Political Transition, Maria Cristina Paciello
4. Morocco at the Crossroads: Seizing the Window of Opportunity for Sustainable Development, Silvia Colombo
5. Israel and Palestine and State (Un)sustainability, Paolo Napolitano
6. Syria and Lebanon: Diverging Paths of State Unsustainability, Silvia Colombo
7. State (un)Sustainability in the Southern Mediterranean and Scenarios to 2030: The EU's Response, Nathalie Tocci