The foreign fighters (FFs) phenomenon affecting MENA countries is unprecedented in its scale and pace. While most MENA countries have adopted “hard” strategies based on security-focused approaches, countering violent extremism (CVE) also requires the use of “soft” strategies stemming from multidimensional approaches. This means turning the current short-term strategy into a long-term strategy addressing the roots of violent extremism.
Paper preparato per il Working Package guidato dall'Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) nell'ambito del progetto EuroMeSCo “Euro-Mediterranean Political Research and Dialogue for Inclusive Policy-Making Processes”.
Evidence and Analysis
Soft Policies: The Limits of the Security-Oriented Approach
From Short-Term to Long-Term Strategies: Towards Multidimensional Approaches
Policy Implications and Recommendations