In recent years, a series of strategic challenges have shaken the foundations of the EU’s integration project, leading to the emergence of existential threats in the institutional, political and social domains. The objective of this project - launched with the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MAECI), in cooperation with the Centro Studi sul Federalismo (CSF) and in the framework of IAI's strategic partnership with the Compagnia San Paolo - was to investigate the scope and modalities of a possible initiative by the Six Founding Members of the European Community.
Such an initiative aimed to address key dilemmas facing EU governance and the trade-offs between its different components, as well as an effort to identify desirable policy directions in key areas of the Union. Various aspects of the EU’s future governance were tackled through an analysis of the opportunities and challenges offered by a differentiated approach to the integration of Member States that is able to meet EU political priorities ranging from increased economic and political consolidation, the building of a genuine social Europe and the strengthening of the EU’s international projection.
The main activities of the project included the creation of a study group made up of researchers and representatives from the Foreign Ministries of the Six Founding Countries. Research products and outputs were presented and discussed at two events held in Rome in 2017, coinciding with celebrations marking the 60th anniversary of the Treaties of Rome.