This paper provides a brief overview of youth organizations in Turkey, focusing in particular on the perception of youth organizations and the concepts of “youth” and “youth participation and exclusion” as well as the impact of youth organizations on policy making and society. The first section performs a literature review on the historical development of youth organizations in Turkey and employs existing databases to analyse present circumstances affecting these movements. The backbone of the study, which is presented in the second section, is made up of field research conducted via three focus groups and 30 semi-structured in-depth interviews with members of youth organizations and movements in Turkey. The aim is to understand how these organizations and movements perceive and frame the challenge of youth exclusion in Turkey as well as their potential to have a transformative impact on these challenges.
1. Introduction and Background: Structural Context of Youth Inclusion and Organizations
1.1 A Brief Look at the Youth Organizational Field in Turkey
1.2 Recent Historical Development of the Youth Organizational Field in Turkey
1.3 Hegemony and Gezi Park Protests
1.4 Review on Impact of Youth Organizations
2. Field Research on Organizational Dimension of Youth and Exclusion
2.1 How Do Youth Organizations and Movements Conceptualize Problems of Youth and Youth Exclusion?
2.2 Are Youth Movements and Organizations Able to Influence the Mainstream Political Discourse? Are Organized Youth Able to Influence Policy Making?
3. Critical Discussion and Conclusions