This paper will focus on why the empowerment of young Tunisians is crucial to sustain the fragile democratic consolidation process in Tunisia. It will demonstrate how young Tunisians were the trigger of the Jasmine revolution and how their demands were among the main factors that guided the process of transition to democracy. Through the analysis of the involvement of young Tunisians in the transition to democracy, this paper argues that their current situation may affect the process of democratic consolidation, by strengthening or jeopardizing it. The role of the European Union is also investigated, by recommending possible policies that could play a role in assisting youth empowerment in Tunisia. The paper also puts forward a package of recommendations to the Tunisian national government.
1. Between consolidation and crisis, the Tunisian democracy
2. The contribution of young Tunisians to the Jasmine Revolution and the transition process
2.1 From the streets to the Constitution: transition to democracy
2.2 The Constitution. Start of consolidation or youth betrayal?
3. European Union action in Tunisia
4. Concluding observations and recommendations for the national government