What Potential for Cooperation between the EU and Turkey on Diversification of Gas Supply?
The EU and Turkey are engaged in a long-standing process of negotiation over membership, facing many stumbling blocks and no prospects of successful conclusion in the near future. At the same time, the EU and Turkey have increasingly high energy ambitions, which open the door for potential cooperation in a number of energy areas. The main areas of such cooperation are the diversification of gas supply and transit through the Southern Corridor, and the convergence of regulatory frameworks and markets. While Turkey and the EU have so far have not been able to harness a strong relationship in these fields, their energy cooperation covers a wide range of increasingly complex and sensitive issues which go beyond the gas sector.
Paper produced within the framework of the IAI-Edison project "The Changing Regional Role of Turkey and Cooperation with the EU in the Neighbourhood", May 2015. Revised version of a paper presented at the seminar on “EU-Turkey Energy Cooperation in the Neighbourhood”, Rome, 16 September 2014.
1. Converging energy profiles but at different speed
2. Potential cooperation for diversification of supply: same appetite for diversification but for different purposes
2.1. EU’s perspective: security of external supply and transit routes
2.2. Turkey’s perspective: economic competitiveness and gas demand
2.3. State of play of EU-Turkey energy relations in the Southern Energy Corridor
2.4. Future challenges in the Southern gas corridors as vectors of cooperation
3. Potential frameworks for cooperation
3.1. Enlargement policy: a difficult process
3.2. The role and status of energy in the enlargement process
3.3. Turkey’s place and priority in European energy policy (external dimension)
3.4. Common EU-Turkey trade strategies
3.5. Strategic partners in their common neighbourhood
Conclusion: Muddling through a fast changing energy landscape