The Struggle over the Egyptian Public Sphere
The popular uprising against the regime of Hosni Mubarak in January 2011 opened the public sphere to various groups and movements. Following the military intervention in July 2013, the struggle against the Muslim Brotherhood has allowed the government to take a number of measures aiming at regaining state control over the public sphere. To achieve this aim, the regime has issued a number of laws and decisions targeting different actors. To fully describe the on-going campaign to restrict Egypt's public space, this paper focus on three main actors involved in the struggle: civil society, universities, and religious organisations. Altogether, it shows the new legal framework that grants the courts and security services power to restrict civil society's activity.
1. From Mubarak's fall to Al-Sisi: the crackdown on civil society
2. Narrowing the space for civil society
3. The regime and the student movement
4. The control of the religious sphere
5. Future challenges