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A Pyramid of Multilateral Confidence-Building Measures in the Middle East


The mutation of local, national and regional conflicts has increased regional security tensions and challenges in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Without effective leadership or institutions to manage these crises, the MENA will continue to suffer from instability posing security challenges to the region and beyond. In this paper, the authors propose a pathway to address overlapping conflicts through the creation of two concomitant processes that rely on confidence building measures.

Paper produced in the framework of the FEPS-IAI project “Fostering a New Security Architecture in the Middle East”, November 2020.

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