This research focuses on the governance of security sector reform (SSR) in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger and its links with other security processes. The report develops a comparative analysis of the security policies of the three countries, the impact on SSR in the European Union, other European countries, regional organisations, and the United States, and, finally, considers the connections between SSR and stabilisation, SSR and militarisation, and the role of non-state armed actors.
This publication is the result of the project “Out of the security deadlock: challenges and choices in the Sahel”, conducted by the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) in Brussels and the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) in Rome, together with the National Democratic Institute (NDI) in Washington, DC, with the support of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and of the European Parliament.
Published also in French: "Levée du blocage sécuritaire : défis et choix au Sahel".
Abbreviations and acronyms
1. SSR and DDR in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger
1.1 Humanitarian and security crisis in the Sahel
1.2 SSR and DDR in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger
2. The role of the EU and other main international actors
2.1 The role of the EU in supporting SSR and DDR
2.2 The role of regional and other international actors on security
3. Challenges and choices
3.1 SSR and DDR in the context of radicalisation
3.2 Role of non-state armed actors
3.3 SSR and stabilisation
3.4 SSR and militarisation
3.5 Inclusive and shared SSR