The transformation of Morocco from a country of emigration to a country of immigration has changed the migratory profile of the country since the 1990s. Morocco has become a country of origin, transit but also destination. In this context, migration-related issues are mostly associated with the presence of immigrants, whereby migration is framed through a securitizing approach. In the framework of this securitizing representation of migration, this paper aims to present and analyse the perspectives of stakeholders operating in the field of migration in Morocco, by intersecting the viewpoints of governmental and para-governmental stakeholders, CSOs and migrants. The analysis of these diverse perspectives allows us to better understand the place of migration in North–South (EU–Morocco) relations.
1. Background Information on Morocco’s Migration Profile and Legal and Institutional Framework
1.1 Migration Profile
1.1.1 Outward Migration
1.1.2 Inward Migration
1.2 Legal and Institutional Framework
1.2.1 National Framework
1.2.2 International Framework
2. Fieldwork in Morocco
3. A Qualitative Analysis of Stakeholders’ Frames in the Area of Migration and Mobility
3.1 Framing Migration and Its Causes
3.2 An Unabashed Securitizing Perception
3.3 Is There a Moroccan Exception?
3.4 Migration: National Interest or Cooperation with the EU?
4. Policy Implications for Euro-Mediterranean Cooperation in the Field of Migration and Mobility
Annex: List of interviewed stakeholders