For years the EU has been fostering a common policy to integrate immigrants. Yet, whether its efforts have progressively created something like a homogeneous European model of integration remains an open question. An analysis of the approach to immigrant integration in the EU member states that receive the largest immigration flows, as well as of EU initiatives to promote greater policy harmonization among its member states, shows that partial convergence in national integration strategies is linked more to interstate emulation and parallel path development than to proactive EU legislation on the matter. This trend can be referred to as a process of "informal Europeanization".
1. National integration regimes: patterns of change
1.1. Immigrant integration yesterday: differentialism, assimilationism, multiculturalism
1.2. Immigrant integration today: patterns of convergence
2. The impact of the EU on national integration regimes
3. Integration regimes: between national schemes and informal Europeanization