Gulf and EU Migration Policies after the Arab Uprisings: Arab and Turkish Youth as a Security Issue

The paper seeks to explore the reasons behind the persistent exclusion of young migrants from South and East Mediterranean (SEM) countries in their two main areas of destination, the Gulf States and the EU. It focuses on youth from Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Palestine, Lebanon and Turkey, during the key period of the Arab uprisings and their aftermath. The paper covers the period until June 2015. Its aim is two-fold: first, to describe the characteristics and institutional background of the migration policies applied to youth from the six countries, in their two main areas of destination; second, to understand the political motives underlying recent changes to these policies, following the uprisings. In a perspective of political demography informed by Foucault’s theories, migration policies are envisaged as technocratic discursive practices.

Roma, IAI, February 2016, 40 p.
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1. The Context of Youth Migration Policies, Before and After the Arab Uprisings
1.1 Trends of Migration To and From the SEM Countries Until the Late 2000s
1.2 Youth Emigration Pressure from the South and East Mediterranean Region: Some Structural Explanations
1.3 Youth Emigration Trends Since the Arab Uprisings
2. Migration Policies and the Arab Uprisings: Between Securitization, Economization and Human Rights
2.1 Migration Policies in the Gulf States
2.2 Migration Policy Discourse and the EU Construction
3. Youth, Migration and Politics
3.1 Number: Limitation of Flows, Depoliticization of Migration’s Drivers
3.2 Structure: Stigmatization of Unmarried, Low-Skilled Economically Active Young Men
3.3 Dynamics: Temporariness, Irregularity and “Subordinate Inclusion”

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