This paper investigates recent developments in EU policy on controlling irregular migration and managing asylum at the EU's southern borders. The paper focuses on the (im)balancing act between efficiency and protection in EU policies. Beginning by expounding the notion of governance of irregular migration and asylum, we turn to critically discuss current European border control practices with a focus on the agencies and policies in place (including the Common European Asylum System). The paper concludes by showing how the EU's balancing act between irregular migration control and asylum management tips clearly towards the former even if it pays lip service to the latter as well as to the need of preventing the loss of human life.
Paper produced within the framework of the project "Towards a More United and Effective Europe". Revised version of a paper presented at the IAI-CIDOB conference on "Migration and Mobility in Post-Crisis Europe", Barcelona, 6 May 2014.
2. Irregular Migration and Asylum Challenges
3. The Governance of Irregular Migration
4. The First Space of Control: Externalising the Border
5. The Second Level of Control: Agencies and Systems at the External Border
6. The Third Level of Control: The Schengen Area
7. A Common European Asylum System