Globalization, the New Geography of Power, and EU Policy Response
The globalization of the economy of the past two decades has created more challenges than opportunities for the EU. Already at the beginning of this century, the EU started feeling a heavy pressure from emerging economies, which led to a reshuffling of global GDP shares, the polarization of EU job markets and a gradual loss of competitiveness in several industry sectors. The economic downturn since 2008 has just exacerbated this process. Overall, this paper portraits a rather gloomy outlook for Europe’s future role in the global economy: the EU suffers from major weaknesses at home, not least due to lack of political and economic integration and the prevalence of parochial instances in the trade negotiations. Current policy responses in the domain of trade policy, innovation and industrial policy do not seem likely to restore and ensure the EU’s leading role in the global economy.
Paper produced within the framework of the IAI project Transworld.
1. The EU and the Global Economy: Drawing the Baseline Scenario
1.1. Globalization Trends: Towards a Geo-Economic Reshuffling
1.2. Will the European Union Be Wiped Off the Innovation Map?
1.3. Employment Prospects: Towards Increased Job Polarization
1.4. Globalization and Future Scenarios for the European Union
2. From Austerity to Growth?
2.1. Innovation Policy: Turning the Tide?
2.2. The EU’s New Industrial Policy Agenda: Enabling the "Third Industrial Revolution"?
2.3. The "Battle of Skills"
3. EU Trade Policy
3.1. The 2012 Trade Strategy: A Mixed Picture
3.2. The EU’s New Leadership in Risk Regulation and the Emergence of Private Standards: Cause or Coincidence?
4. Concluding Remarks: Is the European Union Successfully Managing Globalization?