The opinions of Italians on the nature of the migration phenomenon and on how the government should manage it do not lend themselves to easy simplifications. This is demonstrated by the results of this opinion survey carried out by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) and by the the Political and Social Analysis Laboratory of the University of Siena with the support of the Compagnia di San Paolo Foundation. The picture that emerges is articulated. Instances of closure and of opening coexist. There are profound divisions according to political and ideological orientations on many issues. The survey was carried out between the end of October and the beginning of November 2020 on a representative sample of the Italian resident population. This is the latest in a series of surveys testing the perceptions and orientations of Italians on migration issues dating back to 2017, 2019 and April 2020. The comparison between the results of this series of subsequent surveys allows us to measure whether and in which measure the opinions of Italians have changed particularly in recent months.