There is currently much discussion about “digital sovereignty” in Europe. While the term encompasses very diverse connotations, it refers to a broad concept involving data, technological, regulatory and political elements. Cloud computing represents one example of the concrete materialisation of the European Union’s quest for “digital sovereignty” – especially through the development of its GAIA-X project. It is too early to assess whether or not GAIA-X will definitively help the Union to achieve this much-desired goal; however, some challenges have already emerged along the way. Looking to the future, if the EU wants to achieve “digital sovereignty”, a different strategy to the one currently under discussion will be needed.
Study produced as part of the project “La geopolitica del digitale”, March 2021.
1. Towards a definition of European “digital sovereignty”
2. The rise of a “sovereign cloud” in Europe
2.3 The European Union
3. GAIA-X: A practical approach towards European “digital sovereignty”
3.1 The GAIA-X Initiative
3.2 GAIA-X: A true EU “sovereign cloud”?