EU-Turkey Relations and the Stagnation of Turkish Democracy

The current stagnation of Turkish democracy goes hand in hand with the current impasse in EU-Turkey relations. A combination of domestic factors with a loss of credibility of EU conditionality led to a situation in which political reform is substantially stalled and in cases where it is realised, it is mostly conducted to serve the interests of the ruling political elite and with no real reference to the EU. The virtuous cycle of reform that characterised the 1999-2005 period has been replaced by a vicious cycle in which lack of effective conditionality feeds into political stagnation which in turn moves Turkey and the EU further away from one another.

Paper produced within the framework of the project Turkey, Europe and the World. Publ. in IAI Research Paper 9.

Details: 
Roma, Istituto affari internazionali, December 2012, 24 p.
Attachments: 
Issue: 
Working Paper 2
Publication date: 
04/12/2012

Introduction
1. External constraints and domestic factors: the trajectory of post-2005 democratic reform in Turkey
2. Civil-military relations
3. Human rights
3.1. The fight against torture and ill-treatment
3.2. Freedom of expression
3.3. Freedom of peaceful assembly and association
4. Protection of minorities
4.1. Non-Muslim minorities
4.2. The Kurdish question
5. The judicial system
Conclusion
Annex: Figures
References

Related content: 
(Publication) Global Turkey in Europe - 08/05/2013

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