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Assessing EU–Mediterranean Policies in the Field of Industry from a Bottom-up Perspective: The Case of Lebanon


This country report assesses the industrial sector in Lebanon through the lens of bottom-up actors in the industrial field, ranging from public institutions and international organizations to civil societies and private firms. It attempts to evaluate the current challenges facing industrialists within the national framework, in the context of Lebanon’s political environment. Furthermore, the research discusses at length EU industry-related policies and trade agreements and presents a list of recommendations to address the issues at hand based on the perspectives of key players in the sector. The report draws upon interviews conducted with stakeholders in the Lebanese industrial sector, reports produced by selected stakeholders, papers by scholars and private consultants, as well as government reports. This report demonstrates that efforts employed by the private sector alone in order to advance the industrial sector are not sufficient. Consequently, further collaboration with the Lebanese government is required along with assistance from the EU, particularly given the war in neighbouring Syria and the subsequent refugee crisis in Lebanon.

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