Assessing EU–Mediterranean Policies in the Field of Industry from a Bottom-up Perspective: The Case of Lebanon

This country report assesses the industrial sector in Lebanon through the lens of bottom-up actors in the industrial field, ranging from public institutions and international organizations to civil societies and private firms. It attempts to evaluate the current challenges facing industrialists within the national framework, in the context of Lebanon’s political environment. Furthermore, the research discusses at length EU industry-related policies and trade agreements and presents a list of recommendations to address the issues at hand based on the perspectives of key players in the sector. The report draws upon interviews conducted with stakeholders in the Lebanese industrial sector, reports produced by selected stakeholders, papers by scholars and private consultants, as well as government reports. This report demonstrates that efforts employed by the private sector alone in order to advance the industrial sector are not sufficient. Consequently, further collaboration with the Lebanese government is required along with assistance from the EU, particularly given the war in neighbouring Syria and the subsequent refugee crisis in Lebanon.

Rome, IAI, November 2018, 50 p.
Working Paper 27
Publication date: 

1. Methodology
2. Analysis of Relevant Texts Produced by the Selected Stakeholders
2.1 Overview of Industry Stakeholders
2.2 The National Approach to Export Promotion
2.2.1 Economic Diplomacy
2.2.2 Government Initiatives
2.2.3 Approach to Trade Liberalization
2.2.4 Approach to High Production Costs
2.2.5 Approach to the Improvement of the Business Climate
2.2.6 Association of Lebanese Industrialists’ Economic Vision
3. Analysis of the Recursive Multi-Stakeholder Consultations
3.1 Ideas Grassroots Actors Promote with Regard to Industry Domestically
3.2 Perception of the Effectiveness of European Policies in the Mediterranean Area
3.3 Gender Perspective
3.3.1 Gender Distribution in Industries and Impediments to Access – Involvement in Support
Annex 1: A General Overview of the Main Challenges and the National Strategy in Lebanon
1. Context Information
2. Challenges and National Strategy
Annex 2: A General Assessment of European Policies
1. General Overview of Lebanon-EU Trade Agreements and Partnership
2. National Industry and Trade Related EU Policies
3. Regional Industry and Trade Related EU Policies
Annex 3: List of Interviewees
Annex 4: Questionnaires

Research area