It has become increasingly clear that the judicial component in post-conflict reconciliation is vital for long-term stability. In Africa, in particular, the International Criminal Court (ICC), the European Union, the African Union, and national processes strive for legitimacy and public acceptance in an environment shaped by growing distrust towards international mingling in African affairs. Hybrid courts as in Senegal that combine national and international law may be part of the solution to bridge this growing antagonism.
1. National forms of criminal accountability
2. The International Criminal Court and Africa
3. The ICC as a political actor in ongoing crises
4. The African Union in South Sudan
5. The state of accountability in Africa and Europe’s role - conclusions and solutions