Governing Differentiation and Integration in the European Union
Differentiated integration and flexibility have been part of the European integration project since its early days, and differentiation will remain a necessity if the EU is to deal with its manifold internal and external challenges. This is even more valid following the Russian aggression on Ukraine, making it imperative to improve the functioning of the European integration project amid persistent fragmentation and divergence while simultaneously strengthening the EU’s strategic role and contribution to a future European security order.
This Conference presented the EU IDEA project’s results and discussed the theme of differentiation and integration among researchers from the EU IDEA consortium, composed of 15 EU and non-EU think tanks and universities, along with prominent EU representatives, practitioners, experts, researchers and journalists.
Session 1 - How history and narratives around differentiation influence today’s state of the EU
Session 2 - Differentiation in a wider Europe: sustainability, security and solidarity
Session 3 - The EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement: Implications for internal and external EU differentiation
Session 4 - Democracy and legitimacy in a differentiated EU
Closing Session - A differentiated Union in a complex world
Closing Keynote Speech - Governing Differentiation and Integration in the European Union