Spain's Mediterranean policy is struggling to adapt to the combined impacts of the debt crisis in the eurozone and the Arab Spring. Spain's traditional and uncontested commitment to multilateralism and region-building in the Mediterranean and the "special" relationship with Morocco — Spain's own 3M, Mediterranean, Multilateralism, and Morocco — are not in question, but the priorities and strategy are being revised as a result of four combined drivers for change. Two of them are domestic: the victory of the Popular Party in the 2011 elections and the effects of the economic crisis. The other two are regional: a democratic opening following the Arab Spring and the proliferation of security threats in Spain's indirect vicinity, particularly in the Sahel.
Washington, German Marshall Fund of the United States, 2012, 3 p.