Europe and Africa are both experiencing deep transformations that affect their integration paths and interregional relationship. However, contemporary regionalism in Africa and Europe cannot be understood by looking only at governmental integration in the framework of continental organizations such as the European Union (EU) and the African Union (AU). Interregional dynamics also need to be analyzed through additional levels and forms of interaction within the two continents. State actors apart, various types of non-state actors play an increasingly important role in these processes, both within and outside existing regional and interregional arrangements.
This article heavily relies on the research conducted by the authors in the framework of ATLANTIC FUTURE, a 3-year collaborative research project funded by the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme and developed by a consortium of 13 partners from January 2013 to December 2015.